Home >

Venture Capital Trusts (VCTs)

Venture Capital Trusts (VCTs)

Tax-advantaged, fund manager run schemes that invest in fledgling companies

view current offers


Introduction to VCTs

Venture Capital Trusts started life in 1995. They were launched to encourage investment in early stage companies by offering attractive tax breaks to investors. VCTs must be approved by HMRC in order for investors to receive the tax breaks, and there are limits on the size of companies in which VCTs can invest.

These are early stage investments and as such carry considerably higher risks than investing in more developed, stock market-listed companies. That said, the sector has cleared out in recent years and experienced investment managers now dominate the market.


  • investors can receive income tax relief of 30% of the amount invested, up to £200,000
  • dividends paid out of VCTs are tax-free
  • all capital gains are also tax-free

This can make VCTs a viable addition to pension planning, particularly when pension limits for tax relief have been reached.

Types of VCTs

Generalist VCTs

These VCTs invest in a wide range of companies in different sectors and stages of development


As the name suggests they only invest in companies listed, or about to become listed, on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM)

Specialist VCTs 

Tend to focus their investment expertise on one particular sector, e.g. Healthcare

Limited Life VCTs

 Set out on a 5+ year plan and will wind up the VCT at the end of this period.

What are the risks?

Any investments in VCTs should be viewed as a high risk and long-term commitment (i.e. five years for VCT schemes, but plan for a longer time-frame).

Due to the nature of the underlying assets these schemes are highly illiquid. Investors must be aware they may have difficulty or be unable to realise their shares at levels close to that which reflect the value of the underlying assets.

The risk reward ratio of investing in smaller companies is inflated as the risk of failure is higher. Tax incentives available to investors exist in order to attract investment into an asset class that warrants high risk categorisation, but are subject to tax law and HMRC practice, both of which can change.

These are complex products and are only suitable for sophisticated investors. Please ensure you understand the risks involved. If you are unsure about the suitability of any investment please seek financial advice.

Are VCTs right for me?

Investors should feel comfortable that they meet the following criteria:

  • High net worth and sophisticated investors who are UK residents.
  • Investors who have a sufficient income tax liability to reclaim income tax relief at 30% of the amount subscribed.
  • Investors who have realised a capital gain that would attract Capital Gains Tax.
  • Investors who will not need access to their capital for at least five years and are comfortable with higher risk investments.

Why choose ii

We charge a market-leading one-off fee of £30 (inc VAT) to process your VCT application.

Most VCT Managers offer broker discounts, which we will reinvest fully for you in new shares.

Unlike some brokers we credit all the trail income we receive from your VCT investments as cash in your account.

Current offers

Here we list current VCT offers available for investment through interactive investor. Before investing, please ensure you have read and understood the key documents and 'how to apply through ii' information below.

Calculus VCT Offering

Legal name(s) Calculus VCT plc
Type Generalist
Minimum investment £5,000
Amount raising £10m with £10m over-allotment facility
Initial charge 5.0%
Total discount 3.0% (3.5% for existing Calculus VCT investors) if you apply before 28 August 2020, 2.0% (2.5% for existing Calculus VCT investors) thereafter

Key documents

Downing ONE VCT Offering

Legal name(s) Downing ONE VCT plc
Type Generalist
Minimum investment £5,000
Amount raising £15m with £25m over-allotment facility
Initial charge 4.5%
Total discount 2.25% plus an additional 1% early bird discount (1.5% for existing Downing VCT investors) if you apply before 13 December 2019

Key documents

Draper Esprit VCT Offering

Legal name(s) Draper Esprit VCT plc
Type Generalist
Minimum investment £6,000
Amount raising £20m
Initial charge 5.5%
Total discount 4.0% until 16 December 2019, then 3.5% until 31 January 2020 and 2.5% thereafter

Key documents

Foresight Williams Technology VCT Offering

Legal name(s) Foresight Solar & Technology VCT plc
Foresight Williams Technology shares of 1p each in the Company (“FWT Shares”)
Type Generalist
Minimum investment £3,000
Amount raising £20m with £10m over-allotment facility
Initial charge 5.5%
Total discount 4.0% (4.5% for existing Foresight VCT investors) until 31 July 2020 or £5m raised (whichever is soonest) and 3.0% (3.5% for existing Foresight VCT investors) thereafter

Key documents

Puma Alpha VCT Offering

Legal name(s) Puma Alpha VCT plc
Type Generalist
Minimum investment £5,000
Amount raising £20m with £10m over-allotment facility
Initial charge 3.0%
Total discount 2.5% until 30 September 2020

Key documents


How to apply through interactive investor

Step 1:

To apply you need a Trading Account.

Step 2:

As VCTs are classified as a Complex Instrument you must first complete our online appropriateness assessment, which can be found when you log in to your Trading Account. Choose the ‘personal details and preferences’ option from the ‘account’ tab, then select ‘Appropriateness Assessment Form’ from the ‘Account Information’ section. On successful completion we will be able to process your application. The assessment only needs to be completed once.

Step 3:

Please follow the instructions on the application form of your chosen VCT and post to the following address enclosing a cheque for the amount you wish to subscribe made payable to the VCT manager/provider:

Interactive Investor
Corporate Actions Department
201 Deansgate
M3 3NW

Please write your interactive investor account number at the top of your application form

We charge a flat fee of £30 per application – please ensure there are sufficient funds in your Trading Account to cover this fee. If insufficient funds are available the application process may be delayed.

In order to receive the tax benefits that VCTs can offer the application must be in your own named account.

Your application must be received by us a minimum of 3 working days prior to the VCT application closing date. This includes any early bird offer specified dates.

Step 4

We will finalise your application and send to the company, and where possible you will receive your new VCT shares electronically in your trading account as default. If you would prefer to receive a share certificate, please let us know along with your application. If you choose to reinvest your VCT dividends with the VCT manager/provider, you will receive a share certificate.