How coronavirus is affecting the different stock market sectors

by Richard Hunter from interactive investor |

interactive investor’s head of markets Richard Hunter discusses developments in global stock markets.

In normal circumstances, a positive end to the previous week’s trading and a coordinated central bank effort over the weekend including, but not limited to, a substantial $700 billion stimulus plan from the US, would be enough to provide some solace for investors.

But these are not normal circumstances.

The airlines are a prime example of the malaise which is currently prevalent.

At the best of times, the airline industry is cyclical and, at the worst of times, it is squarely in the firing line. Whether that manifests as a financial crisis (decimating business and personal travel), the previous SARS virus, or even volcanic ash clouds, revenues can swiftly be reduced while fixed costs remain. Such is the case now, with British Airways owner International Consolidated Airlines (LSE:IAG) predicting a 75% reduction in capacity for April and May and the additional necessity for severe costs cuts. There was a similar announcement from Ryanair (LSE:RYA) and easyJet (LSE:EZJ) opined that European aviation faces a “precarious future”, with the likelihood of needing to ground most of its fleet.

Indeed, enforced staycations may become a feature of 2020. In the meantime, the airlines can give little or no guidance and so valuations, by necessity, become almost worthless, making it impossible to gauge correct share price levels.

While not perhaps as severe within other sectors, this is the conundrum which is currently gripping investors.

Kingfisher (LSE:KGF), for example, has announced that its Castorama and Brico Depot stores in France as well as those in Spain, will be closed. Associated British Foods (LSE:ABF) has warned that similar measures will hit its Primark operations in Europe. Flutter Entertainments, meanwhile, has bemoaned the suspension of sporting events which will have a “material impact” on revenues for the foreseeable future.

The rise in people needing to work from home in self-isolation could be of benefit to some individual stocks.

The likes of Netflix (NASDAQ:NFLX) give the ability to stream and watch drama series or movies at a time convenient to the consumer, and holds great appeal. The group’s recent fourth-quarter results saw it reporting record subscriber gains for each of its three geographical regions outside the US. 

Online retailers could actually benefit from a potential rise in home shopping, across the board. Obviously the supermarkets are currently seeing goods flying off the shelves, but conceivably clothing retailers could too. 

There has additionally been a reported boom in China in the downloading of apps and games as people look to occupy themselves in the confines of their homes. There are many companies in this space, such as Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT) and Tencent (SEHK:700) who could benefit as self-isolating gamers with plenty of time on their hands might want new titles. However, a global recession could cause affordability issues. 

And whatever goods are being bought online as people are self-isolating, it needs to be delivered to them. It may not be a major part of their business, but Amazon (NASDAQ:AMZN) have announced that they are taking on an additional 100,000 staff to cope with the increase in deliveries. That is quite apart from their streaming offering, as people look to fill their time at home, as with Netflix above.

In all, this is not so much a financial crisis (although there will be a substantial economic impact), as a social and health crisis on a global scale. 

For the most part, domestic banks remain robust having shored up their defences after the financial crisis and are additionally being spoon-fed liquidity by the central banks. Further contributions are still being considered by governments on a fiscal and perhaps coordinated basis.

There are certainly high hopes in the US for further easing from the Fed, perhaps accompanied by some fiscal tax breaks.

These moves would undoubtedly help as this crisis unfolds further.

From an investment perspective, however, the economic impacts of the coronavirus are yet to be accurately quantified, the oil price trade war remains a concern and the prospect of a global recession is increasingly likely.

Something is certainly required. In the year to date, the Dow Jones has plunged 29%, the S&P 500 26% and even the previously booming Nasdaq is down 23%.

As such, the stabilisation in markets which is becoming a more pressing requirement is not yet on the obvious horizon.

These articles are provided for information purposes only.  Occasionally, an opinion about whether to buy or sell a specific investment may be provided by third parties.  The content is not intended to be a personal recommendation to buy or sell any financial instrument or product, or to adopt any investment strategy as it is not provided based on an assessment of your investing knowledge and experience, your financial situation or your investment objectives. The value of your investments, and the income derived from them, may go down as well as up. You may not get back all the money that you invest. The investments referred to in this article may not be suitable for all investors, and if in doubt, an investor should seek advice from a qualified investment adviser.

Full performance can be found on the company or index summary page on the interactive investor website. Simply click on the company's or index name highlighted in the article.

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